Virtual summit of SCO: Prime Minister Narendra Modi to host President Xi Jinping, Vladimir Putin, Shehbaz Sharif, and other leaders to discuss security, connectivity, and trade.
Iran to become a permanent member: India to welcome Iran into the SCO as a new permanent member, highlighting the organization's growing influence.
Key agenda items: Discussions on the situation in Afghanistan, the war in Ukraine, and enhancing cooperation among SCO member states expected at the summit.
Background of Ladakh border standoff: The summit takes place amid the longstanding border standoff between India and China in eastern Ladakh.
India's SCO chairmanship: India's initiatives during its SCO chairmanship, including the establishment of new cooperation pillars and focus on people-to-people ties, aimed at strengthening bilateral relationships.